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Possible Water Sources on Uranus Moons

Scientists reveal a high possibility for the existence of water in the solar system apart from the earth. The discovery comes after emerging theories laid evidence for oceans existing under the surface of Uranus’ moons. Scientists are hopeful for the upcoming Fall Meeting 2020 of AGU, where they plan to launch a new report for discussion. They hope to bring sufficient evidence to prove that sub-superficial seas occur on planets that were previously thought uninhabitable. These discoveries open doors to make planets possibly living planets. Benjamin Weiss from the Technology Institute of Massachusetts conducted the analysis.

Scientists believe that 27 moons are orbiting Uranus. However, five of those moons, particularly significant moons in the world: Titania, Oberon, Umbriel, Ariel, and Miranda. In 1986, scientists caught a glimpse of the moons as Voyager 2 whisked across the Uranus system. Photographic evidence revealed that these five large moons comprise pure unadulterated rock and ice and had deep craters. These photos also show visible symptoms of water droplets that burst around a planet on its surface. A process scientist calls cryovolcanism.

Further research shows that the process could be caused by a subsurface ocean like the one seen on Enceladus that expels smoke and rocks from the ocean into space. In this project, the scientists observed how the atmosphere Uranus would affect a gravitational pull on the surrounding moon’s ocean to determine how well a hypothetical spaceship could investigate a subsurface ocean’s existence on one such planet. An orbiting moon experiences the planet’s gravitational field that tugs the moon and holds it in its space. Such a magnetic field pull induces an electromagnetic current, termed an induced magnetic field that can appear on specified monitoring equipment. Such a generated field is expected to come from a coating of a particular highly conductive substance, such as a sub-surface ocean.

While talking about the moons of Uranus, Weiss states that the possibility of liquid water with salty like properties on the planet makes the water conducive so that currents may flow into it. Capturing an inductive magnet field on specified equipment makes it appear differently from other observations on one of those moons. The instrument would have to be in Uranus’ magnetic field, forcing it to be in the planet’s electromagnetic vicinity. Scientists used this same method in 1998 to verify the existence of sub-surface oceans in Europa and another discovery in Jupiter’s Callisto. The research showed that the induced magnetic field reading from Europa was around 220 nanoteslas, while Callisto’s reading clocked 40 nanoteslas.

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